Keep the building warm in the winter and cool in the summer with little to no utility bills / fossil fuels. This increases both psychological and physiological comfort.
These Videos cover the details of the Heating & Cooling Buildings Book.

Part 1: Thermal Comfort, Adaptive Comfort, Degree Days.
Part 2: Passive Solar, Heating Types, Heat Flow, Radiant Energy, Active Solar
Part 3: Radiant Energy, Passive Solar Energy Gain, Direct Solar Gain Systems, The Greenhouse Effect, Sunspaces/Greenhouses

Off-Grid Living Systems

Water | Power | Waste Water Treatment | Heating/Cooling

The systems of a building. These are the systems that go into the structural shell of the building for occupancy. Some or all of these systems can be used instead of the conventional methods to provide utilities to buildings. This can make the build more sustainable, secure and healthy than only using conventional utilities.

All systems can have automated conventional backups. All systems can be added to existing conventional buildings as a renovation project.

Living with sustainable off-grid systems enhances our lives, secures our lives and is a better investment than conventional buildings.

This increases both psychological and physiological comfort.

Off-Grid Builders, Earthship Home Designs

Pangea Design | Build is an educational and research organization providing sustainable buildings for residential, commercial and government use. We are specialists in Modern Off-Grid Designs, Systems and Construction.

We are dedicated to high quality, super efficient and skilled craftsmanship. Our primary goal is to provide buildings that are sustainable as possible as affordably as possible. We value the opportunity to work with you. Our services are based on many decades of experience on all kinds of buildings, systems and lifestyles. We offer standard designs and custom designs to make your dreams come true.

Note: We design and build all over the USA and around the world.