Materials are found all over the planet. Shipping materials for long distances is not sustainable and uses excessive amounts of energy. In order for affordable housing to be easily accessible to the common person and to maintain a low impact on the planetary energy situation, a “building block” found all over the globe would be required.
Organize Materials & Components
Organize the materials and components so they are accessible by when they will be used. Tire pounding tools, cardboard, etc. would be upfront, whereas the faucets and paint and furniture can be in the back. As with the tools, make sure all materials are stacked safely and covered to protect from the weather and elements.
Materials and components needed for each building are different per building. To properly build and execute the plan and schedule for a building, all materials must be available without delay. Acquiring all materials and having them available and ready is critical to the success of the build.
By cutting down on time spent setting up and breaking down a jobsite, you can save money and increase productivity. The biggest time wasters include choosing and transporting tools to and from the truck, setting up and breaking down the work area, and cleaning up dust and debris. Creating a system for handling these tasks can save time and enhance your reputation with clients as an organized professional.
There’s really no secret in how to become more efficient: You need to choose a system and put it in place. The hard part is being disciplined about using it. While this requires a bit of upfront effort, it offers measurable payoffs.
Can & Bottle Walls
A can wall is a wall constructed from recycled aluminum cans, which are not a common building source. The cans can be laid in concrete, similar to bricks to make all kinds of strong walls and other partitions
Cans can form the actual fill-in structure (or walls) of a building, as is done with earthships.
This is a building construction style which usually uses glass bottles (although mason jars, glass jugs, and other glass containers may be used also) as masonry units and binds them using adobe, sand, cement, stucco, clay, plaster, foam, mortar or any other joint compound. This results in an intriguing stained-glass like wall.
Structural, Bearing and Retaining Walls made with rammed earth encased in recycled steel-belted rubber tires. Very strong, Economical, Local, Sustainable.
The major structural building component is recycled automobile tires filled with compacted earth to form a rammed earth brick encased in steel belted rubber. This brick and the resulting bearing walls it forms is virtually indestructible.
The tire is used as found without any modification. The process of ramming them full of densely packed earth is achieved with simple human labor and can be done with whatever type of earth is available on the building site.
Common people of all shapes and sizes can easily learn to gather tires and pack them full of earth with simple hand tools and with the same type of human energy used while trying to tone up their bodies in the local gym.
The impact of large scale use of this idea would result in depletion of the giant tire mountains that have become a serious problem in many cities. This building block is therefore achieved with little additional energy.
There are few materials of any kind that would provide better, more dense mass for storing
temperature than rammed earth. The rubber tire casings provide a natural form for humanly manageable production of thermal mass building blocks with little more than human energy. There are also very few materials that would provide the structural bearing capacities and homogeneous qualities of an earth rammed tire wall. The diameter of the tires (2’-4″) sets the thickness for the walls of the building. This amount of dense mass surrounding every room provides a thermal battery that helps to keep the building comfortable with no fossil fuels.
The durability of tires filled with earth can not be surpassed. A buried tire (which is in effect
what we have in a tire wall) will virtually last forever. The only thing that deteriorates rubber tires is sunlight or fire. Since they are filled with earth and ultimately covered with earth and concrete plastered over, they never see sunlight. Tires only burn when surrounded by air. When they are filled and coated with earth and concrete plaster, trying to get them to burn would be like trying to light a phonebook on fire as compared to a wad of paper. The very qualities of tires that makes them a problem to society (the fact that they won’t go away) makes them an ideal durable building material. Earth and tires by virtue of their very nature will last forever.
Whereas a rammed earth tire wall is amazingly strong, it is obviously not brittle. It can vibrate or move without fracture or failure. Since these walls are so wide and the loading on them is widely distributed, the entire structure would have the potential of absorbing and moving with a considerable horizontal shock from an earthquake. There is probably no other material available at any price that has the reliance that earth rammed tires would have.
Low specific skill requirements
Over the past 40 years many people of all shapes and sizes have been taught to “pound tires” (the term used for the process of densely packing the tires with earth). Within one or two hours the average human can be an expert. It requires physical energy more than brute strength.
A team of two people, one shoveling and one pounding, can pound about four tires an hour. The shoveling job is easiest while the pounding requires a little more strength and energy. The general application of common human capabilities is definitely all that is required here. This is a skill that the very lowest people on the labor force can become good at.
The only real major piece of equipment needed to build a tire building is a backhoe. This is a common piece of equipment needed for all buildings of any type. Backhoes and operators rent almost anywhere for 30 to 50 dollars per hour. Other typical tools needed are a chain saw, circular saw, and a cement mixer. Common people use these tools all the time and they are very easily accessible to all.